VetoVeto

Sygvaraæn language

Note: This article will be expanded in future. What is this?

The Sygvaraæn language is one of the major languages of VetoVeto and the de facto lingua franca of the northern hemisphere.

Phonology

Sygvaraæn has a rich phonology, consisting of at least 36 different phonemes: 23 for consonants, 13 for vowels. It has limited consonant elongation and various diphthongs.

Consonants

Sygvaraæn has at least 18 native phonemes.

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop p b t d k g ʔ1
Sibilant fricative s z
Non-sibilant fricative f v h2 ɦ2
Approximant ʋ j
Flap ɾ
Trill r3
Lateral approximant l
  1. used mostly to stress words
  2. may be realised as [h] or [ɦ] depending on speaker
  3. possible realisation of r, most speakers use [ɾ]. Used mostly in foreign words

Consonant elongation

Consonant elongation, also known as gemination, is the practice of pronouncing a consonant for a longer time than shorter consonants. In English, this can be observed in words such as midday, or between words such as this sash. In Sygvaraæn, consonant elongation is distinctive for the f, l, m, n and v.

Vowels

Sygvaraæn has at least eleven different vowel phonemes. One phoneme, [u], occurs almost exclusively in loan words.

Front Central Back
Close i y u1
Close-mid e ø2 o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open ä ɑ
  1. appears mostly in loan words
  2. appears mostly in loan words

Vowel elongation

Vowel elongation, or vowel lengthening, is the practice of pronouncing a vowel longer time than shorter vowels. In English, this can be observed in the pronunciation of car in some dialects. In Sygvaraæn, vowel lengthening is a highly distinctive feature.

Orthography

Modern Sygvaraæn is written in a modified Latin alphabet and traditional Sygvaraæn is written in an abugida-like script. That is, traditional Sygvaraæn is written in a script that might be classified as an alphasyllabary.

Alphabet

The Sygvaraæn alphabet consists of the following 26 letters: A Å B D Æ E E F G H L M N O O P K R S T U Ů V Y Y Z.

Pronunciation of consonants

There is often a direct one-to-one correspondence between a consonant and a sound.

Consonant IPA Note
B [b]
D [d]
F [f]
FF [fː]
G [g]
H /h/1
HV /ʋ/2
L [l]
LL [lː]
M [m]
MM [mː]
N [n]
NN [nː]
P [p]
K [k]
R [ɾ]3 syllable initial
S [s]
T [t] followed by vowel
T -4 followed by consonant
T -4 final position, next word starts with consonant
T [t]5 final position, next word starts with vowel
V [v] preceded by vowel or word initial
V [ʋ] preceded by consonant
VV [vː]
Y [j]6 followed by vowel
Z [z]
  1. realisation of h is either [h] or [ɦ], depending on the speaker
  2. realisation is often [ʋ], but can be [hʋ] for some speakers
  3. realisation is often [ɾ], but might be realised as [r] depending on speaker
  4. the t is commonly dropped when the next syllable, or word, starts with a consonant. Might also be [ʔ] for some speakers
  5. realisation can be [d] for some speakers
  6. the y functions both as a vowel and a consonant. As a vowel, the pronunciation of y is [i]

Pronunciation of vowels

There is often a direct one-to-one correspondence between a vowel and a sound.

Sequence IPA
A [ä]
Å [ɑ]
Æ [e]
E [ɛ]
E [ø]
O [o]
O [ɔ]
U [y]
Ů [ə]
Y [i]1
Y [u]
  1. as a consonant, y is pronounced [j]

Accent marks

Sygvaraæn does not use accent marks. The ringed letters have their own place in the alphabet and are not, like Qromean, considered modifications of their non-ringed counterparts.

Grammar

This will be added later!